Project groups

7-1.11 | SEED DISPERSAL, MIGRATION AND CLIMATE INDUCED RANGE SHIFTS OF CENTRAL EUROPEAN PLANT SPECIES

Project leader:
Prof. Dr. Oliver Tackenberg

Changes in the global climate are seriously affecting biodiversity on a global scale. For Central Europe it was estimated that vegetation belts may shift up to several 100 km within the next decades (= potential range shift of the species). However, there is currently no information available if species can migrate fast enough to follow the potential range shifts. The main aim of this project is to predict realized range shifts for many (> 1000) Central European plant species in a modeling framework based on

- Shifts of potential species ranges derived from global change-driven ecological niche models

- Seed dispersal kernels generated by process-based simulation models for anemochory, zoochory and dispersal by humans

- Migration rates based on seed dispersal kernels and demographic parameters

- Realized range shifts based on the current distribution and migration rates of the species  

The potential range shifts will be compared with realized range shifts for several IPCC scenarios and consequences for biodiversity will be analyzed.

The project is funded by the DFG.

Team

Felix Heydel, Ph.D. student
Christina Hintze, Ph.D. student
Christina Hoppe, Ph.D. student

Publications

Heydel, F., Cunze, S., Bernhardt-Romermann, M. & O. Tackenberg (2014) : Long-distance seed dispersal by wind: disentangling the effects of species traits, vegetation types, vertical turbulence and wind speed. - Ecological Research 29: 641-651.

Hintze, C., Heydel, F., Hoppe, C., Cunze, S., König, A. & O. Tackenberg (2013) : D3: The Dispersal and Diaspore Database – Baseline data and statistics on seed dispersal. - Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 15: 180-192.