Project groups


The terrestrial component is based on the vegetation and climate archive of Tenaghi Philippon (NE Greece), which covers the last 1.35 million years continuously and plays a key role in deciphering the role of climate forcing on vegetation dynamics in the Mediterranean region. Following up on a DFG-funded project and in continuation of the previous BiK-F funding period, we have carried out a new coring campaign at Tenaghi Philippon that has yielded the interval comprising the early Late Qauternary and the Middle Quaternary. This enables us to reconstruct the vegetation dynamics in the Eastern Mediterranean region since the onset of major glaciations of the Quaternary and to analyse it within a climatic context.



Dr. Eva Niedermeyer, Researcher


Bijl, P.K., Bendleb, J.A.P., Bohaty, S.M., Pross, J., Schouten, S., Tauxe, L., Stickley, C.E., McKay, R.M., Röhl, U., Olney, M., Sluijs, A., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H. & Expedition 318 Scientists (2013) : Eocene cooling linked to early flow across the Tasmanian Gateway. - PNAS 110 (24): 9645-9650.

Bijl, P.K., Pross, J., Warnaar, J., Stickley, C.E., Huber, M., Guerstein, R., Houben, A.J.P., Sluijs, A., Visscher, H. & H. Brinkhuis (2011) : Environmental forcings of Paleogene Southern Ocean dinoflagellate biogeography. - Paleoceanography 26, doi:10.1029/2009PA001905.
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Coccioni, R., Bellanca, A., Bice, D.M., Brinkhuis, H., Church, N., Deino, A., Lirer, F., Macalady, A., Maiorano, P., Mancin, N., McDaniel, A., Monechi, S., Montanari, A., Neri, R., Nini, C., Nocchi, M., Pross, J., Rochette, P., Sagnotti, L., Sprovieri, M., Tateo, F., Touchard, Y. & G.L. Williams (2008) : Integrated stratigraphy of the Oligocene pelagic sequence in the Umbria-Marche Basin (Northeastern Apennines, Italy): A potential GSSP for the Rupelian-Chattian boundary. - Geological Society of America Bulletin 120, 487-511.
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Contreras, L., Pross, J., Bijl, P.K., Koutsodendris, A., Raine, J.I., van de Schootbrugge, B. & H. Brinkhuis (2013) : Early to middle Eocene vegetation dynamics at the Wilkes Land Margin (East Antarctica). - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 197: 119-142.

Dormoy, I., Peyron, O., Combourieu Nebout, N., Goring, S., Kotthoff, U., Magny, M. & J. Pross (2009) : Terrestrial climate variability and seasonality changes in the Mediterranean region between 15 000 and 4000 years BP deduced from marine pollen records. - Climate of the Past 5: 615-632.
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Fletcher, W.J., Müller, U.C., Koutsodendris, A., Christanis, K. & J. Pross (2013) : A centennial-scale record of vegetation and climate variability from 312 to 240 ka (Marine Isotope Stages 9c-a, 8 and 7a) from Tenaghi Philippon, NE Greece. - Quaternary Science Reviews 78: 108-125.

Herb, C., Zhang, W., Koutsodendris, A., Appel, E., Fang, X. & J. Pross (2013) : Environmental implications of the magnetic record in Pleistocene lacustrine sediments of the Qaidam Basin, NE Tibetan Plateau. - Quaternary International 313-314: 218-229.

Houben, A.J.P., Bijl, P.K., Pross, J., Bohaty, S.M., Passchier, S., Stickley, C.E., Röhl, U., Sugisaki, S., Tauxe, L., van de Flierdt, T, Olney, M., Sangiorgi, F., Sluijs, A., Escutia, C., Brinkhuis, H. & the Expedition 318 Scientists (2013) : Reorganization of Southern Ocean Plankton Ecosystem at the Onset of Antarctic Glaciation. - Science 340: 341-344.

Kotthoff, U., Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Bornemann, A., Kaul, C., Marino, G., Peyron, O. & R. Schiebel (2011) : Impact of Lateglacial cold events on the northern Aegean region reconstructed from marine and terrestrial proxy data. - Journal of Quaternary Science 26(1) 86–96.
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Kotthoff, U., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Lawson, I.T., van de Schootbrugge, B.& H. Schulz (2008) : Lateglacial and Holocene vegetation dynamics in the Aegean region: An integrated view based on pollen data from marine and terrestrial archives. - The Holocene 18, 1019-1032.

Kotthoff, U., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Peyron, O., Schmiedl, G., Schulz, H. & A. Bordon (2008) : Climate dynamics in the borderlands of the Aegean Sea during formation of Sapropel S1 deduced from a marine pollen record. - Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 832-845.

Koutsodendris, A., Brauer, A., Pälike, H., Müller, U.C., Dulski, P., Lotter, A.F. & J. Pross (2011) : Sub-decadal- to decadal-scale climate cyclicity during the Holsteinian interglacial (MIS 11) evidenced in annually laminated sediments. - Climate of the Past 7: 987-999.

Koutsodendris, A., Lotter, A.F., Kirilova, E., Verhagen, F.T. M., Brauer, A. & J. Pross (2013) : Evolution of a Holsteinian (MIS 11c) palaeolake based on a 12-ka-long diatom record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). - Boreas 42: 714–728.

Koutsodendris, A., Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Brauer, A., Kotthoff, U. & A.F. Lotter (2010) : Vegetation dynamics and climate variability during the Holsteinian interglacial based on a pollen record from Dethlingen (northern Germany). - Quaternary Science Reviews 29 3298-3307.
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Koutsodendris, A., Pross, J., Müller, U.C., Brauer, A., Fletcher, W.J., Kühl, N., Kirilova, E., Verhagen, F.T.M., Lücke, A. & A.F. Lotter (2012) : A short-term climate oscillation during the Holsteinian interglacial (MIS 11c): An analogy to the 8.2 ka climatic event? - Global and Planetary Change 92: 224-235.

Milner, A.M., Müller, U.C., Roucoux, K.H., Collier, R.E.L., Pross, J., Kalaitzidis, S., Christanis, K. & P.C. Tzedakis (2013) : Environmental variability during the Last Interglacial: a new high-resolution pollen record from Tenaghi Philippon, Greece. - Journal of Quaternary Science 28: 113-117.

Müller, U.C., Pross, J., Tzedakis, P.C., Gamble, C., Kotthoff, U., Schmiedl, G., Wulf, S. & K. Christanis (2011) : The role of climate in the spread of modern humans into Europe. - Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 273-279.
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Peyron, O., Goring, S., Dormoy, I., Kotthoff, U., Pross, J., de Beaulieu, J.-L., Drescher-Schneider, R., Vannière, B. & M. Magny (2011) : Holocene seasonality changes in the central Mediterranean region reconstructed from the pollen sequences of Lake Accesa (Italy) and Tenaghi Philippon (Greece). - The Holocene 21: 131-146.
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Pross, J., et al. (2012) : Persistent near-tropical warmth on the Antarctic continent during the early Eocene epoch. - Nature 488: 73–77.

Pross, J., Houben, A.J.P., van Simaeys, S., Williams, G.L., Kotthoff, U., Coccioni, R., Wilpshaar, M. & H. Brinkhuis : Umbria-Marche revisited: a refined magnetostratigraphic calibration of dinoflagellate cyst events for the Oligocene of the Western Tethys. - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 158 (2010) 213–235.
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Pross, J., Kotthoff, U., Müller, U.C., Peyron, O., Dormoy, I., Schmiedl, G., Kalaitzidis, S. & A. Smith (2009) : Massive perturbation in terrestrial ecosystems of the Eastern Mediterranean region associated with the 8.2 ka climatic event. - Geology 37(10): 887-890.
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Regnery, J., Püttmann, W., Koutsodendris, A., Mulch, A. & J. Pross (2013) : Comparison of the paleoclimatic significance of higher land plant biomarker concentrations and pollen data: A case study of lake sediments from the Holsteinian interglacial. - Organic Geochemistry 61: 73-84.

Schmiedl, G., Kuhnt, T., Ehrmann, W., Emeis, K.-C., Hamann, Y., Kotthoff, U., Dulski, P. & J. Pross (2010) : Climatic forcing of eastern Mediterranean deep-water formation and benthic ecosystems during the past 22 000 years. - Quaternary Science Reviews 29: 3006-3020.